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How to Manage Files, and Folders in Windows

The best place to start managing files and folders is My Computer.
How to open a file or folder:
  1. Double click on My Computer.
  2. It will show all the drives available in the window.
  3. Click on the drive you want to open files or folders from.
  4. Locate the desired file or folder and double click it. It will open that file or folder selected.
How to opening a recently-used file:
  1. Click on Start from the Taskbar.
  2. Choose My Recent Documents.
  3. Click on the document you want to open from the submenu that appears.
How to create a new folder:
  1. Open My Computer and then click on C:
  2. Click on File -> New -> Folder from menu.
  3. A new folder will appear with New Folder name.
  4. Type a name for that folder and press Enter.
Create a Folder on Desktop:
  1. Right Click on any empty place on the Desktop.
  2. Select New -> Folder
  3. Type name for that folder and press Enter.
Note: To create a subfolder inside a folder, choose the folder in which you want to place the subfolder.
Renaming a file or folder:
  1. Right click on the file or folder you want to rename.
  2. Locate and Click on Rename from displayed list of options.
  3. Type the new name and press Enter.
Moving or copying a file or folder:
  1. Locate the file or folder you want to move or copy.
  2. Open the folder where you want to move or copy the file or folder.
  3. Place these two windows on the desktop such a way that you can see both of the file or folder you want to move and the desired destination location.
  4. To move a file or folder, click and drag the file or folder on top of the desired destination folder until the destination folder is highlighted. To copy it, press Ctrl as you drag.
  5. Release the mouse button in the destination folder.
Note: If you try to move a file or folder from one drive to another, Windows automatically copies it instead of moving it.
Alternative way to move or copy file or folder using Clipboard:
  1. To move a file or folder, select it and choose Edit -> Cut from the menu.
  2. To copy a file or folder, select it and choose Edit -> Copy from the menu.
  3. Locate the destination file or folder, select and Click Edit -> Paste from the menu.
Deleting a file or folder:
  1. Select the file or folder you want to delete.
  2. Press Delete on the keyboard and then confirm the delete by clicking Yes on the dialog box.
  3. Then deleted file will be sent to Recycle Bin. You can recover that file if you have deleted it accidentally.
Note: Windows will delete the file permanently if it was on removable disk.
To restore a deleted file or folder from the Recycle Bin:
  1. Double-click the Recycle Bin icon on your desktop.
  2. Select the file you wish to restore.
  3. From the Recycle Bin menu, Select File > Restore. It will restore the file or folder to its original location.
Finding Files:
  1. Go to Start -> Search button.
  2. Click on All Files and Folders. Then Files dialog box appears.
  3. Type the name of the file or folder you are searching for in the search box. You can also select Look in drives.
  4. Click the Search button. A list of similarly named files will appear after the completion of search process.
  5. You can directly open any file from that window itself.
How to create Desktop Shortcuts:
  1. Locate the file in My Computer or Windows Explorer.
  2. Right click on the file and Click on Create Shortcut.
  3. Windows creates a shortcut at the bottom of the folder listing and highlights it. In Windows XP, it can be sent directly to desktop.

  4. Drag the shortcut to your desktop.
Displaying File Types (Extensions) in Windows XP:(Note: This option will also show hidden files and folders.)
  1. Start -> Control Panel -> Folder Options.
  2. Select View button and check the radio button Show hidden files and folders.
  3. Click OK.
Associating a File Type with a Program:
  1. Locate the file in My Computer or Windows Explorer.
  2. Hold down the Shift key and Right clicking the file name. (Escape this step for Windows XP. Just Right click on the file directly.)
  3. Click on Open with...
  4. In the dialog box, select the program you want to use.
  5. Then check the box – “Always use this program to open this type of file” if you want to associate that file type with the program permanently.
  6. Click OK.